I-eel kagesi esanda kutholakala iyona eyethusa kakhulu kuze kube manje - BGR

Kuzo zonke izidalwa ongahlangana nazo ngenkathi ushona ehlathini lemvula lase-Amazon, ukuxhumana ne-eel kagesi kungaba ngomunye wemihlangano ebuhlungu kakhulu. Abanalo idumela lokungena enkingeni nabantu, kepha uma besatshiswa, banekhono lokuthumela ukuthuthumela okukhulu ngomzimba wakho konke okusondele kakhulu.

Manje, uhlobo olusanda kutholwa, I-Electrophorus voltai wephule amarekhodi, ekhiqiza ukunyakazisa okuqine kakhulu kunanoma iyiphi enye i-eel eyake yafunda. Kodwa okuthusa futhi ukwedlula i-eel uqobo ukuthi iqiniso lokuthi le nhlobo ibingaziwa isikhathi eside kangaka.

Ihlathi lemvula lase-Amazon liyisifunda esihle futhi liyintandokazi yososayensi. Ngenkathi izinhlobo eziningi ezingaziwa zihlala emahlathini emvula, le nhlobo entsha ye-eel ayakhelwanga ukufihla. Njengoba abacwaningi bechaza kumbhalo omusha oshicilelwe ku Nature nokuxhumana izidalwa zingafinyelela amamitha ayi-8 ubude, zizenze kube lula ukuzibona lapho usuwazi lapho okufanele ubheke khona.

Lokho bekushilo, ubukhulu bawo akuyona into kuphela eyenza le nhlanzi ikhethekile; ikhono layo lokukhiqiza inani elikhulu kakhulu le-bioelectricity alifanisiwe nganoma yiziphi ezinye izidalwa eziseMhlabeni. Uhlobo lwe-eel kagesi lwake lwaziwa kahle, Electrophorus kagesi kungakhiqiza ama-volts angama-650, kepha akusizi ngalutho uma kuqhathaniswa nama-volts e-860 akhiqizwe yi voltai .

Izilwane zisebenzisa ikhono lazo elihlukile lokuzivikela kanye nokuzingela. Ukuthuthumela kungenza inyamazane ikwazi ukwenza kube lula ukubamba futhi, uma isaba, kungaba ngokwanele ukuhambisa izimbangi ezingaba khona, kuvunyelwe ukuba abaleke kalula.

izindawo ezinohlonze kakhulu, ziphakamisa inani elikhulu lezinhlobo zezinto ezisasele ezitholakala emvelweni, "kusho uCarlos David de Santana, umbhali wokuqala walolu cwaningo. . Ngaphezu kwalokho, lesi sifunda sithakazela kakhulu ezinye izinkambu zesayensi, njengezokwelapha kanye ne-biotechnology, eziqinisa isidingo sokuwuvikela nokusilondolozela, futhi kubalulekile ezifundweni ezibandakanya ukubambisana phakathi kwabaphenyi baseBrazil. naphakathi kwethu namaqembu avela kwamanye amazwe. ukuhlukahluka kwalesifunda. "

Umthombo wesithombe: Gerard Lacz / Shutterstock

Lesi sihloko sivele kuqala (ngesiNgisi) BGR